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山东beplay全站app安卓厂家让你深入理解塑胶beplay全站app安卓的基本组成部分!

来源:http://www.jnhjgs.cn     发布时间:2019-11-06 16:46:34    点击:

  为了改良塑料的功用,还要在聚合物中增加各种辅助资料,如填料、增塑剂、光滑剂、稳定剂、着色剂等,才干成为功用良好的塑料。
  In order to improve the function of plastics, it is necessary to add various auxiliary materials in polymers, such as fillers, plasticizers, smoothers, stabilizers, colorants, etc., so as to make plastics with good function.
  1、合成树脂是塑料首要成分,其在塑猜中的含量普通在04-1。由于含量大,并且树脂的性质常常决议了塑料的性质,所以人们常把树脂看成是塑料的近义词。例如把聚氯乙烯树脂与聚氯乙烯塑料、酚醛树脂与酚醛塑料相提并论。其实树脂与塑料是两个不同的概念。树脂是一种未加工的原始聚合物,它不只用于制造塑料,并且仍是涂料、胶粘剂以及合成纤维的原料。而塑料除了很少一局部含1的树脂外,绝大多数的塑料,除了首要组分树脂外,还需求参与其他物质。
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  1. Synthetic resin is the primary component of plastic, and its content in plastic guess is generally in 04-1. Because of its high content, and the nature of resin often determines the nature of plastic, people often regard resin as a synonym of plastic. For example, compare PVC resin with PVC plastics, phenolic resin with phenolic plastics. In fact, resin and plastic are two different concepts. Resin is a kind of raw polymer, which is not only used to make plastics, but also is the raw material of coatings, adhesives and synthetic fibers. In addition to a small part of plastics containing 1 resin, the vast majority of plastics, in addition to the primary component resin, also need to participate in other substances.
  2、填料填料又名填充剂,它能够进步塑料的强度和耐热功用,并降落本钱。例如酚醛树脂中参与木粉后可大大降落本钱,使酚醛塑料成为低价的塑料之一,一同还能明显进步机械强度。填料可分为有机填料和无机填料两类,前者如木粉、碎布、纸张和各种织物纤维等,后者如玻璃纤维、硅藻土、石棉、炭黑等。
  2. Filler is also known as filler, which can improve the strength and heat-resistant function of plastics and reduce the cost. For example, the cost of phenolic resin can be greatly reduced after it participates in wood powder, making it one of the low-cost plastics, and the mechanical strength can be significantly improved together. Fillers can be divided into organic fillers and inorganic fillers, the former is wood powder, rags, paper and various fabric fibers, the latter is glass fiber, diatomite, asbestos, carbon black, etc.
  3、增塑剂增塑剂可增加塑料的可塑性和柔软性,降落脆性,使塑料易于加工成型。增塑剂普通是能与树脂混溶,无毒、无臭,对光、热稳定的高沸点有机化合物,常用的是邻苯二甲酸酯类。例如消费聚氯乙烯塑料时,若参与较多的增塑剂便可软质聚氯乙烯塑料,若不加或少加增塑剂(用量<1),则得硬质聚氯乙烯塑料。
  3. Plasticizer plasticizer can increase the plasticity and softness of the plastic, reduce the brittleness, and make the plastic easy to be processed and formed. Plasticizers are generally high boiling point organic compounds that can be miscible with resins, non-toxic, odorless, light and heat stable, and phthalates are commonly used. For example, in the consumption of PVC plastics, if more plasticizers are involved, soft PVC plastics can be obtained. If no or less plasticizers are added (dosage < 1), rigid PVC plastics can be obtained.
  4、稳定剂为了防止合成树脂在加工和运用过程中受光和热的作用合成和损坏,延伸运用寿命,要在塑猜中参与稳定剂。常用的有硬脂酸盐、环氧树脂等。
  4. In order to prevent the synthesis and damage of synthetic resin by light and heat in the process of processing and application and extend the service life, the stabilizer should be involved in the plastic guess. Commonly used stearate, epoxy resin, etc.
  5、着色剂着色剂可使塑料具有各种艳丽、漂亮的颜色。常用有机染料和无机颜料作为着色剂。
  5. Colorant colorant can make plastics have various gorgeous and beautiful colors. Organic dyes and inorganic pigments are often used as colorants.
  6、光滑剂光滑剂的作用是防止塑料在成型时不粘在金属beplay全站app安卓上,一同可使塑料的外表润滑漂亮。常用的光滑剂有硬脂酸及其钙镁盐等。除了上述助剂外,塑猜中还可参与阻燃剂、发泡剂、抗静电剂等。
  6. The function of the smooth agent is to prevent the plastic from sticking to the metal mold during the molding, so that the plastic surface can be lubricated and beautiful together. Commonly used smoothing agents are stearic acid and calcium magnesium salt. In addition to the above auxiliaries, plastic guessing can also participate in flame retardant, foaming agent, antistatic agent, etc.
  以上是山东beplay全站app安卓厂家为大家介绍的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.jnhjgs.cn
  The above is the relevant content introduced by Shandong mould manufacturer. If you want to know more, please visit the website: http://www.jnhjgs.cn
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